without hardwork nothing grows but weeds

1. WHY WE NEED THESIS IN M. TECH

M. Tech curriculum includes various subjects throughout the semesters, but at the end student needs to do a unique research work apart from their curriculum. Thesis means a genuine research work to be done by student and present it at international level. Thesis includes various hurdles, so students should prepare themselves accordingly how to cross and defend individual over other researchers internationally.

What's the difference between a 'thesis' and a 'project'?

Project is the idea to get implemented and tested over the technology and which is ready to move in world where as thesis is the field in which research is still going on and researchers continually exploring new ideas and algorithms to get better and better results. One may say project is to implement the idea or technology which is already crossed by researches.

For example Bio-medical security has sub field Iris detection. If any student implement Iris detection and make a hardware and software for security purpose , which works on this technology this will term as project and in case if someone implement a new algorithm which enhances the accuracy for Iris detection ,it will term as thesis.

In most of the cases thesis will be a simulation before the idea get into final shape. Researchers use many different platforms and tools to simulate their research work e.g. MATLAB ,LABVIEW, NS2 etc.

2. HOW TO CHOOSE VALID FIELD FOR M. TECH THESIS

Before choosing the field in M. Tech thesis, one may think about proceeding the same field as their PhD and through career point of view. This will influence your long term prospects and academia. Researcher first goes through lot of magazines and journals for picking up a good and recent field for their research to continue.

Most likely a good field is the one in which researchers of community is continually exploring new horizons. One may choose that field in M. Tech thesis in which results will generate easily after simulation and still will have many corners to get explore. After finalizing the field, go through all the research done in last 10 years on that topic through various journals and technical publications to get clear idea about the field.

Students can find a recent field by searching of latest published journals and papers in various conferences to get rough idea about the field, do deep research on the same to get what exactly the field is and problems, challenges faced by the researches while implementing various algorithms. If you find the field is interesting, go through recent paper and have a look on the paper results, try to think that is there any chances to get improved results? If yes and you are excited about that field and want to do research in the same ,proceed to next step and try to formulate problem formulation and the objectives for the same.

3. HOW TO CHOOSE RIGHT AND RECENT TOPIC IN A PARTICULAR FIELD FOR M. TECH THESIS

Choosing a right and good thesis topic will save your years of pain. Before finalizing any idea one may roughly estimate the time and feasibility of the objectives which you are going to propose as a proposal for M. Tech thesis.

You want to make sure nobody else has already done it. For this you have to really go through lots of papers and researches in that topic to make you sure for what you are going to do.

Before proposing your objectives one may sit and do simulate as far as you can do for implementing the same to get some sort of previous results to make you clear about the implementation of the same before finalizing topic.

Be sure that the objective you are proposing is possible to get implemented in the respective time and the resources you need for the same. Say like if somebody is going to research in the field of CBIR system for horror images reorganization he/she must be sure about the database for horror images as it is not easily available on net.

Student may collect recent research papers on the same topic to compare their research results and for defending their work while publishing the same for international journal and conferences.

Make sure that the papers you are taking as a base paper should have mention the resources from where they get databases and environmental parameters, or that base paper uses universal databases which is easily to get. Students have to implement their algorithms on the same database and get results to compare with base paper. They only compare the results with base paper if the environment conditions are same like the conditions and exceptions used in that paper.

It will be very good for the researcher to get in the touch with the author of the base paper which you are taking as a reference for your work to get the clear idea.

If all these points are justified then you are ready to take your topic as a M. Tech thesis.

4. TOPIC PROPOSAL (SYNOPSIS SUBMISSION)

Go through someone else's research proposal before writing your proposal.

1. Title page contents
2. Introduction (should not exceed 3 pages including Figs.)
3. Brief Literature survey (should not exceed 5 pages)
4. Gaps in study (should not exceed 1 page)
5. Problem formulation: Need and significance of proposed research work (should not exceed 1 page)
6. Objectives (should not exceed 1 page)
7. Methodology/ Planning of work (should not exceed 2 pages)
8. Facilities required for proposed work
9. Proposed place of work
10. Activity chart: Detailed work plan [Optional]
11. Main references (should not exceed 2 pages)

Once your synopsis is accepted by your panel then only you are free to start your research work for that topic

5. IMPLEMENTING THESIS WORK

Researcher has to choose perfect software or a tool which is best compatible for implementing the proposed objectives. Before finalizing the tool student should look for the help given for the selected tool and online help is needed. AtRAD, we offer the help/assistance for M Tech thesis research work in MATLAB Tool as it has several toolboxes which almost covers all the research areas.

We suggest making backup files for the implementation of thesis work from the very first day you started, as it is very usual that system crashed in between the work.

Do start from the basics of the tool in which you are implementing your work to get confident and hold on that tool. Use the files and function which are already available in tool to save your time in your work.

6. WRITING THESIS FOR M.TECH

The following structure is useful while writing a thesis:

ABSTRACT (<= 1 page)

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION (~5-10 pages)

CHAPTER 2: BACKGROUND / RELATED WORK (~8-20 PAGES)

CHAPTER 3: THEORY / SOLUTION / PROGRAM / PROBLEM (~15-30 PAGES)

CHAPTER 4: IMPLEMENTATION / FORMALISM (~15-30 PAGES)

CHAPTER 5: RESULTS AND EVALUATION (~15-30 PAGES)

CHAPTER 6: CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK (~5-10 PAGES)

BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCES

APPENDIX

7. WRITING A TECHNICAL PAPER

Acceptance for a paper in a journal like IEEE Transaction, Elsevier and Springer is a difficult task, one may follow the particular pattern and the criteria mentioned to get your work to be published in these journals. The reviewers want a real piece of work with good presentation and results which will contribute to the technical society. One may include these steps for writing a technical paper.

ABSTRACT
It gives concise information about the paper. Usually it consist of six to seven short sentences and of 150~200 words. A good Abstract includes a statement about problem, proposed solution, and a statement about the datasets and results. A final statement that addresses the contribution of the paper to the relevant field of research. Make this very simple precise and understandable, as readers will decide to read complete paper or not after reading Abstract.

OVERVIEW AND PROBLEM STATEMENT
This section consists of several paragraphs. This section addresses the problem domain (field or area), its importance and applications. Solving an important problem with good application will usually lead to a good paper. The best practice is to make this section simple clear and easy to understand. If possible try to add references each statement addressing the importance and application.

LITERATURE REVIEW
This section contains information about the existing methods available to solve the same problem or related problems. A good literature survey usually contains a comprehensive and exhaustive list of methods used in past, their advantages and disadvantages and their applications.

PROPOSED METHOD
This section and results are heart of the paper. Every minute detail about the proposed method need be explained in this section. It is better to writ this section considering that you are writing it for a person who doesn’t know anything about the field and you need to explain him the solution.

EXPERIMENTAL DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
This section contains information about experimental data generation or collection and its properties. Application of data to propose and other existing methods and a deep analysis of result and their validation make this as an ideal section.

CONCLUSIONS
A good conclusion to the paper usually contain two to three paragraphs mentioning the superior properties of the proposed solution compared to existing methods and state its significance in the field with useful application

REFERENCES
The research papers published in journals or conferences and relevant to the research work being written for the publications. Make sure that the format given by the journal is followed for all references and all of them are cited in the paper.

8. THE THESIS/DISSERTATION DEFENSE

Defending your dissertation is no less than a war;every war needs prior strategies and lots of practice.

You have to get confident about each and every step what you have done. The panel in front of you always ask deep questions about your so be sure and confident over your work.

Literature survey is must and the only way to defend your work is to put good examples and related works with author names and publications to defend your results.

Do attend one or more defenses prior to yours to get idea about what type of questions you are likely to be asked.Alwaysmake good and simple presentation which directly conveys your work. This will reduce half of the questions.